Egyptian spiny-tailed lizard
- FamilyAgamids (Agamidae)
- Weight1,5 kg
- HabitatRocky desert
Spiny-tailed lizards live in the rocky deserts of the Middle East. Their bodies are specially adapted to arid environments. To survive in dry habitats, they extract the water they require from their food, without the need to rely on water sources. The desert-dwelling lizards also conserve water by excreting hardly any moisture. Excess mineral salts are excreted through glands in the nostrils with absolute minimum water wastage.
Spiny-tailed lizards often seek shelter from the heat in burrows and under rock ledges, where their flattened body is an advantage. During the midday hours, their grey skin is light in colour to reflect the hot rays of the sun and prevent overheating. In the cold morning, the lizards’ skin turns dark grey to help absorb the solar heat and quickly warm the cool body up to normal temperature.
Spiny-tailed lizards have long been considered a delicacy in the Middle East and are also used in traditional medicine.