European green toad

Bufotes viridis

A green toad swims in a pond surrounded by many water lilies. IUCN Red List endangerment category: Least concern
  • Family
    Toads (Bufonidae)
  • Weight
    ♀ 70 – 100 g, ♂ 30 – 50 g
  • Habitat
    Warm, sunny sandy and fallow land

Changeable toad

The European green toad is a nocturnal species that prefers steppe-like, sandy habitats. It can change its skin colour to camouflage with its surroundings. Depending on the background, the toad’s colour can range from pale to intense. Thus, the species is also called the “changeable toad”.

A European green toad sits on its hind legs and looks to the right side of the picture.

Bold invader

The tadpoles metamorphose into tiny toadlets between eight to twelve weeks, then leave the water to begin life on land. They often settle in completely new, unknown areas, spreading quickly and gaining new habitats for themselves. They are hence classified as pioneer species.

Female toads lay a long string of eggs (3 – 4 m long) in shallow water, which they wrap around aquatic plants to ensure the eggs do not drift away.


Distribution map green toad