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Copperhead snake

Agkistrodon contortrix

CHARACTERISTICS

Family
Crotalinae

Size
60 - 90 cm, occasionally up to 1.2 m

Habitat
lightly wooded areas, bogs and forested hills, from north-east to south-east USA

GEOGRAPHIC RANGE

Main Features 

In common with all pit vipers, copperhead snakes have a so-called pit organ in between the eye and the nostril to sense infrared radiation. That’s how the snake locates its prey even in the dark.

Favourite Foods

The copperhead snake eats amphibians, reptiles, mice, rats and birds. Some species have a turquoise - green tipped tail that resembles a worm to attract birds.

Good to Know

  • In the north the copperhead snake is dormant for 4-6 months in the winter. They search out a hiding place in dead wood or in a cellar to brumate.
  • The bite of a copperhead snake is one of the most painful of all snake bites. It is seldom fatal for humans, but can cause lasting damage in the area that is bitten.

Conservation status