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Asian elephant

Elephas maximus

CHARACTERISTICS

Family 
Elephantidae

Size
up to 3 m

Weight
up to 5 t

Habitat
primarily tropical forests

GEOGRAPHIC RANGE

Eating and Sleeping

Elephants are herd animals who live in groups led by an experienced elephant cow. An adult Asian elephant eats a bath full of grass, branches and hay a day (up to 200 kg). They drink between 100 and 200 litres of water depending on temperature.

A Trunk with Many Uses
Elephants breathe, smell, eat and drink with their trunk. They also use it to spray themselves with water, use it as a snorkel when swimming and as a tool. 40,000 muscles make all this possible.
Elephants also use their trunks to communicate and to show that they like each other.

Asian or African Elephant
Asian elephants are the second largest land mammal in the world at up to three metres tall. Only African elephants are larger (up to 4 metres tall). The ears of Asian elephants are much smaller than those of African elephants and only the males have tusks.
Asian elephants have just one lip at the tip of their trunks compared to the two lips that African elephants have.

Conservation status